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Training Manuals

Agricultural Innovation Systems and Value Chains Development: A Training Manual

Agricultural Innovation Systems and Value Chains Development: A Training Manual

This is one of a series of training modules developed following several workshops on agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and value chains development (VCD) organized for principle investigators of ASARECA’s programs in 2010 and 2011. The modules were compiled to assist in facilitating similar training that participant trainees may organize. The principle behind teaching and presenting the two concepts of innovation systems and VCD is based on the fact that they are strongly related, and there is opportunity for thinking and applying the two together in most agricultural programs. 

 

These modules are best presented in 2-hour sessions using a suggested 3, 4 or 5-day program. In the 4 or 5-day program, 1 day should be dedicated to a field activity, such as a visit to a value chain network or innovation system so that participants get hands-on experience of various aspects such as roles, contribution and benefits of the relationships in the innovation system, and participate in monitoring and evaluation.

 

The 3–5-day training period is too short to cover essential details of understanding and operations of innovation and VCD. The most affected is VCD, which, on its own, should be taught in not less than 5 days. A well-developed VCD training program extends for at least 10 consecutive days (or stretches for a full 2 weeks). 

However, these sessions have been designed for program managers to expose them to basic information that can be used to design and manage programs. The training sessions therefore present introductory modules to various related concepts. It is expected that by the end of the 3–5-day course, trainees will have a basic understanding of the two concepts and how they can be presented in proposals, detailed strategies and action plans as well as what could go into performance tracking. In addition, at the end of each topic there is a Reference and Further Reading section that shows areas and topics that the trainees should make efforts to get for more information (knowledge).

The full list of modules and suggested training program is shown in the following schedule.

Quality Protein Maize Production and Post Harvest Handling Handbook for East and Central Africa

This manual is a comprehensive one-stop source of information on how Quality Protein Maize (QPM) is grown using recommended practices to achieve genetic potential of the varieties. It also contains management options for economically important diseases and insect pests, post harvest handling and utilization. The practices documented in this manual are based on practical experience of researchers in the region who worked with farmers to identify common problems in production of QPM and to validate the improved practices presented in it. These can be applied to other types of maize and areas within the region that broadly fall within the same mega-maize environment.

ASARECA, 2014

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF FEED RESOURCES FOR RUMINANTS

Eastern and Central Africa Feedstuff Table for Ruminants 2013

This Feed Table, which is generated from the feed resources data base established through the implementation of the project on “Establishment of feed resources data base in Eastern and Central Africa” implemented in Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda from January 2010 to December 2011. The feed table summarizes available information on chemical composition, digestibility and energy values of locally available feed-stuff resources in the region. Perusing through this Feed Table, it is clear that there are some gaps and these calls for further research by National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) in the region to fill the gaps. However, this Feed Table acts as a guide to proper feeding of animals and is therefore very useful to livestock advisors and progressive farmers. Furthermore, the Feed Table will provide quick access to information on feedstuffs to researchers and students in agriculture, animal science, veterinary and allied sciences. Feed manufacturers and policy makers will also benefit from the information in this Feed Table. It is hoped that farmers will be given training on how to use the Feed Table to enable them understand available feed resources and their quality, planting or purchasing of quality feedstuffs and of required standards. In addition, the farmers will be able to make proper feed formulation and feeding strategies for various classes of animals at different production stages. For effective use of this Feed Table, livestock advisors, feed manufacturers and farmers must be taught on how to make use of such data for day to day decision making on feeding livestock economically for increased livestock products of good quality and hence optimise profitability of livestock enterprises

Tissue culture, conservation biotechnology, virus indexing and seed systems of vegetative crops: A training manual

The compilation of this manual arises from the fact that knowledge on tissue culture, conservation biotechnology, virus indexing and seed systems for vegetative crops (in this case cassava and sweet potato) and associated techniques, are scattered and not readily available for use by practitioners or would-be-practitioners. This manual is a response to this gap and thus presents principles and practices of tissue culture, conservation biotechnology, virus indexing and seed systems. The manual will be used by research scientists and technicians working in tissue culture, conservation biotechnology, virus indexing and seed systems for vegetative crops. The manual could also be useful to students and lectures undertaking these modules as part of the curriculum at colleges or universities. To my knowledge, this is the first compilation on these diverse topics that are tailored to vegetative crops. Thus, this is both an opportunity and a challenge. It is our sincere hope that later issues will cover more case studies and future advances in these fields. Users are encouraged to adapt the references to their own working conditions and to add more materials as they deem fit.

Uzalishaji Bora wa Maziwa (Milk Hygiene Module 1)

[SWAHILI] Maziwa yanayokamuliwa kutoka kwenye ng’ombe mwenye afya yanakuwa na bakteria wachache sana. Uchafu unaingiza bakteria wanaosababisha maziwa kuharibika haraka. Ili kuhakikisha maziwa yanaendelea kuwa freshi kwa muda mrefu zaidi unahitaji usafi wa ukamuaji na utunzaji wa maziwan

Utunzaji, Uhifadhi na Usafirishaji Bora wa Maziwa (Milk Hygiene(Module 3)

[SWAHILI] Maziwa yanayokamuliwa kutoka kwenye ng’ombe mwenye afya yanakuwa na bakteria wachache sana. Uchafu unaingiza bakteria wanaosababisha maziwa kuharibika haraka. Ili kuhakikisha maziwa yanaendelea kuwa freshi kwa muda mrefu zaidi unahitaji usafi wa ukamuaji na utunzaji wa maziwa.

Usindikaji Bora wa Maziwa (Milk Hygiene(Module 5)

[SWAHILI] Ni muhimu kwa msindikaji kuelewa kuwa maziwa yasipohudumiwa katika hali ya usafi kuanzia kwa mfugaji, ubora wake hauwezi ukarekebishwa na yatakuwa hayafai kwa usindikaji. Kwa kuzingatia hayo, kipengele hiki cha uzalishaji bora wa maziwa kimeingizwa kwenye mwongozo huu ili kukusaidia kuelewa mambo yanayoathiri ubora wa maziwa kwa kuangalia mfumo mzima kuanzia ngazi ya mfugaji mpaka kumfikia msindikaji.

SEED CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR TEN SELECTED CROPS OF MAJOR ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE IN EAST AFRICA.

The process of harmonization and rationalization of seed policies and regulations started as a pilot phase for East African countries in 1999. It soon encompassed other countries, who joined as second phase, while others joined the process later as third phase.

Njia Bora za Ukusanyaji na Upimaji Maziwa (Milk Hygiene(Module 2)

Maziwa yanayokamuliwa kutoka kwenye ng’ombe mwenye afya yanakuwa na bakteria wachache sana. Uchafu unaingiza bakteria wanaosababisha maziwa kuharibika haraka. Ili kuhakikisha maziwa yanaendelea kuwa freshi kwa muda mrefu zaidi unahitaji usafi wa ukamuaji na utunzaji wa maziwa.

Commercialized Supply of Training and Certification in Milk Quality Assurance in Eastern Africa

This manual captures the basic experiences of dairy boards, nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) and small‐scale milk market chain actors in East Africa in implementing a scheme on commercialised supply of training and certification (T&C) through business development services (BDS). This approach arose out of the need to fill the gap in delivery of services in milk quality assurance, in the face of continued dominance of informal raw milk markets that account for over 80% of marketed milk in the region, as a mechanism for addressing milk quality and safety concerns, improving market access and gradually bridging the gap between regulated and unregulated markets. Initially piloted in Kenya, where a major policy shift to allow raw milk sales by small‐scale traders took place in 2004 with significant impacts on value chain actors preceded the engagements (Kaitibie et al., 2010), the approach has gained wider acceptance and is being out‐scaled in Kenya and piloted in Tanzania and Uganda.

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